2. No involuntary servitude in any form shall exist except as a punishment for a crime whereof the party shall have been duty convicted. It shall be the duty of the citizen to be loyal to the Republic and to honor the Philippine flag, to defend the State and contribute to its development and welfare, to uphold the Constitution and obey the laws, and to cooperate with the duly constituted authorities in the attainment and preservation of a just and orderly society. The results of the plebiscite and the legality of the 1973 Constitution was questioned before the Philippine Supreme Court in the Ratification Cases. Adherence to international law is also important. Whenever in the judgment of the President (Prime Minister), there exists a grave emergency or a threat or imminence thereof, or whenever the interim Batasang Pambansa or the regular National Assembly fails or is unable to act adequately on any matter for any reason that in his judgment requires immediate action, he may, in order to meet the exigency, issue the necessary decrees, orders, or letters of instructions, which shall form part of the law of the land. Every decision of a court of record shall clearly and distinctly state the facts and the law on which it is based. I will answer a few: 1. (2) The President shall not, during his tenure, hold any other office, practice any profession, participate directly or indirectly in the management of any business, or be financially interested directly or indirectly in any contract with, or in any franchise or special privilege granted by, the Government or any subdivision, agency or instrumentality thereof, including any government-owned or controlled corporation. 11. SEC. Eventually, on November 29, 1972, the Convention approved the new constitution. (3) Those who elect Philippine citizenship pursuant to the provisions of the Constitution of nineteen hundred and thirty-five. SEC. It shall be the duty of the citizen to be loyal to the Republic and to honor the Philippine flag, to defend the State and contribute to its development and welfare, to uphold the Constitution and obey the laws, and to cooperate with the duly constituted authorities in the attainment and preservation of a just and orderly society. The waters around, between, and connecting the islands of the archipelago, irrespective of their breadth and dimensions, form part of the internal waters of the Philippines. SEC. In the absence of an Executive Committee, the Speaker shall act as President until the President shall have been elected and qualified. This work is in the public domain because it is a work of the Philippine government (see Republic Act No. Except as member of the Executive Committee, no elective official shall be eligible for appointment to any office or position during his tenure, unless otherwise provided by law, amending for this purpose paragraph, "I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully and conscientiously fulfill my duties as President of the Philippines, preserve and defend its Constitution, execute its laws, do justice to every man and consecrate myself to the service of the Nation. 4. It is a codified law that determines the powers and duties of a government and it … Section 1. Sovereignty resides in the people and all governmental authority emanates from them. However, after arraignment, trial may proceed notwithstanding the absence of the accused provided that he has been duly notified and his failure to appear is unjustified. SEC. The Batasang Pambansa shall provide a system for the purpose of securing the secrecy and sanctity of the vote. 5. 1935 CONSTITUTION. Any person under investigation for the commission of an offense shall have the right to remain silent and to counsel, and to be informed of such right. (1) The Civil Service embraces every branch, agency, subdivision, and instrumentality of the Government, including every government-owned or controlled corporation. Any decision, order, or ruling of the Commission may be brought to the Supreme Court on certiorari by the aggrieved party within thirty days from his, receipt of a copy thereof. In 1941, the Constitution was amended, again restoring the bicameral legislature that came to be called the Congress of the Philippines. 2. (2) No public money or property shall ever be appropriated, applied, paid, or used, directly or indirectly, for the use, benefit, or support of any sect, church, denomination, sectarian institution, or system of religion, or for the use, benefit, or support of any priest, preacher, minister, or other religious teacher or dignitary as such, except when such priest, preacher, minister, or dignitary is assigned to the armed forces, or to any penal institution, or government orphanage or leprosarium. The interim National Assembly, upon special call by the.interim Prime Minister, may, by a majority vote of all its Members, propose amendments to this Constitution. SEC. (1) This Constitution shall be officially promulgated in English and in Pilipino, and translated into each dialect spoken by over fifty thousand people, and into Spanish and Arabic. (2) Accredited political parties shall be represented in the registration board, board of election inspectors, board of canvassers, or other similar bodies as may be provided by law. Philippine Daily Inquirer / 05:22 AM January 17, 2019. The 320 delegates met from June 1971 until 30 November 1972, when they approved the draft of the new Charter. Appointments in the Civil Service, except as to those which are policy-determining, primarily confidential, or highly technical in nature, shall be made only according to merit and fitness, to be determined as far as practicable by competitive examination. (2) All proclamations, orders, decrees, instructions, and acts promulgated, issued, or done by the incumbent President shall be part of the law of the land, and shall remain valid, legal, binding, and effective even after lifting of martial law or the ratification of this Constitution, unless modified, revoked, or superseded by subsequent proclamations, orders, decrees, instructions, or other acts of the incumbent President, or unless expressly and explicitly modified or repealed by the regular National Assembly. SEC. All treaties, executive agreements, and contracts entered into by the Government, or any subdivision, agency, or instrumentality thereof, including government-owned or controlled corporations, are hereby recognized as legal, valid, and binding. The constitution was upheld. 8. SEC. 7. No officer or employee in the Civil Service shall be suspended or dismissed except for causes as provided by law. (1) Unless otherwise provided by law, no elective official shall be eligible for appointment to any office or position during his tenure, except as Member of the Executive Committee referred to in Section 3, Article IX, hereof. The Batasang Pambansa shall, upon recommendation of the National Economic and Development Authority, reserve to citizens of the Philippines or to corporations or associations wholly owned, by such citizens, certain traditional areas of investments when the national interest so dictates. 12. The returns of every election for President, duly certified by the board of canvassers of each province or city, shall be transmitted to the Speaker at the Batasang Pambansa, who shall, not later than thirty days after the day of the election, and in the presence of the Batasang Pambansa open all the certificates, and the votes shall then be counted. Upon the filling of a verified complaint, the Batasang Pambansa may initiate impeachment by a vote of at least one-fifth of all its Members. Excessive fines shall not be imposed, nor cruel or unusual punishment inflicted. 2. It granted him legislative power even after the formal lifting of Martial law on January 17, 1981. Section 1. THE PRIME MINISTER, THE CABINET AND THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. SECTION 1. In the absence of an Executive Committee, the Speaker of the Batasang Pambansa shall act as President until a President shall have been elected and qualified. The State shall guarantee and promote the autonomy of local government units, especially the [barangays ], to ensure their fullest development as self-reliant communities. Commitment to democratic ideals by constitutional amendment dismissed except for causes as provided by law may law... Cover matters related thereto requires enactment by duly elected local legislative bodies provisions of this may. 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