The “Salvini Decree” claims to better control migration and to make Italy more secure. Abolishing humanitarian protection is significant because in the past few years it had been the most common form of protection in Italy; it was granted to about 100,000 asylum seekers since 2008, including a quarter of all applicants in 2017. The decree stipulates that social services such as Italian language courses, vocational training and legal assistance will be withheld until the end of the asylum process, except if the applicant is an unaccompanied minor, which will hamper integration prospects for those allowed to stay. But it looks it would become a worst place for asylum seekers in very near future. Law No. As of January last year there were 533,000 undocumented migrants in Italy according to official estimates; these people are not registered with any government offices and live on the margins of society without legal right to work or access to social services. By one estimate, more than 37,000 people became undocumented since 2018 because humanitarian permits were abolished. Under the new rules, asylum seekers would first have to lodge a “declaration of intent” at Hungary’s embassies in either Belgrade in Serbia or Kiev in Ukraine. Furthermore, it removes the right of failed asylum seekers to live in Italy who are already living in Italy just because they cannot go back to home country due to risk of life. Salvini’s intention is for those who aren’t granted any type of protection to be detained at repatriation centres, but there is not enough room in these centres for all the people who are supposed to be repatriated. The new law extends the amount of time that an asylum-seeker can be detained from three up to 18 months, the maximum time allowed by the EU. The number of foreigners living in Germany increased from 6.7 million in 2005 to 10.9 million in 2018. How did this part of the law work before these new changes? Furthermore, the decree extends from three to six months the period of time Italian authorities can detain new arrivals while their identities and nationalities are being verified, and allows for the revocation of protection status for those convicted of certain crimes. Join our movement today. Most human rights organizations including Amnesty International - Greece have criticized severely the new legislation. ... ahead of Italy … He always stood clear for his policies ever since he came into action back in Summer 2018. In his post about the “Salvini decree” Villa pointed out that such high numbers of undocumented people is not a new phenomenon in Italy, and that previous Italian governments responded to increases of undocumented people with mass regularizations: in 2002-2003, about 700,000 migrants were regularized; in 2006, about 350,000 undocumented were regularized; and in 2009 another 300,000. The European Union has proposed an ambitious new plan to deal with the thousands of asylum seekers who continue to arrive on Europe’s shores. 47 contains the following protect… The law mainly will help asylum seekers (asylbewerber) in Germany to finally convert their status into proper visa of 2.5 years. While the previous government restricted the nation’s reception system to recognized refugees and unaccompanied children, the new decree opens the doors to asylum seekers awaiting a decision. John Dalhuisen and Gerald Knaus, from the European Stabilisation Initiative (ESI),  argued that to address the increase of undocumented migrants, Italy needs to have a more effective entry system for foreign workers to meet labour demand in sectors such as agriculture. Germany’s strong economy and its relatively welcoming approach towards refugees during the peak arrival years of 2015 and 2016, have contributed to the country becoming a magnet for immigrants and asylum seekers. The decree isn’t perfect, but it’s a step in the right direction. The “Salvini decree” is the first major legislative act by Interior Minister Matteo Salvini, leader of the populist League party that won 17 percent of the votes in the March 2018 election after campaigning on an anti-migration agenda. It also ensures asylum seekers have the right to register with the city hall where they live, since a Constitutional Court ruling this past July found the denial of this right made it “unjustifiably difficult for asylum seekers to access the services to which they are entitled.”. As of 2015 roughly 48 percent of the agricultural workforce (about 405,000 people) were not Italian. The 19th of February, the Italian Cassation Court established that the Salvini decree is not retroactively applicable before October 5, 2018, when the new law went into effect. Human Rights Watch is a 501(C)(3) nonprofit registered in the US under EIN: 13-2875808, (Acting) Deputy Director, Europe and Central Asia Division. Italy’s inability to send home most rejected asylum seekers on one hand and its increasing demand for migrant workers on the other have caused the number of foreigners living undocumented in the country to increase since 2013. The so-called employment toleration law gives well-integrated, tolerated asylum seekers (Duldung status) with a job the chance to remain permanently in Germany despite their rejected asylum application. In late 2018, the Italian government began implementing a new legislation that restricts access to protection for refugees and migrants in the country and hardens border security to deter incoming irregular migration. The number of asylum seekers … Instead of humanitarian protection status, the Salvini decree introduces “special permits” for specific foreigners who prove to be victims … The decree, adopted October 5, essentially re-establishes in Italian law the residency permit on humanitarian grounds that Salvini abolished in 2018, now called “special protection.” This two-year permit is for people who don’t qualify for asylum, but who shouldn’t be sent away because they would face a risk of torture or inhuman or degrading treatment. The main provision of the new Italian legislation is the abolishment of humanitarian protection, a form of temporary protection issued to asylum applicants who did not qualify for refugee status or for subsidiary protection, but were recognised as vulnerable. The Italian Coast guard, sometimes with the help of private NGO organizations, often coordinate rescue operations of migrants abandoned in the Mediterranean Sea. To find out if asylum-seekers had already registered in other EU countries, British officials could tap into the bloc's fingerprint database of asylum applicants, EURODAC, and set the ball rolling. One large blot on the decree is the failure to take a clear stand against criminalization of humanitarian activities. The Treatment of Unaccompanied Migrant Children in the French Hautes-Alpes, EU Policies Contribute to Abuse of Migrants in Libya, Human Rights Watch defends the rights of people in 90 countries worldwide, spotlighting abuses and bringing perpetrators to justice. A new immigration law could make it harder for Hong Kongers to flee. Italian Senate passes the “Security Decree” even after having great tensions. 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