With respect to livelihood assets, we constructed a livelihood assets accounting framework to highlight the important role of traditional culture and information technology in agricultural activities. Such self-reflection can strengthen sustainability science and practice in African and other contexts. The study recommends a sustainable livelihood approach in conflict prone areas to enable farming communities cope with the adverse effect of farmers-herdsmen conflict. Obtaining income by growing mainly Sichuan peppers and cultivating, Conducting agricultural activities in busy farming season and going out as, 3.2. However, (3) human capital was the key factor affecting the transformation of farmers’ livelihood strategy; and overall family labor ability, per capita arable land area, per capita annual income, and the number of relatives and friends available to provide assistance were the most important factors affecting farmers’ conversion from pure agriculture to agriculture-dominant or non-agriculture-dominant strategies. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. An asset-based social policy can strengthen asset accumulation strategies as well as help the poor overcome the constraints of unfavorable institutional environments. among sampled households in the research areas. The sustainability science literature views the participation of local stakeholders as a necessary element for both conducting transdisciplinary research and implementing sustainable development projects. assets of pure agricultural households are lower than the average level, whereas livelihood assets of nonagricultural and part-time agricultural households are higher than average. Besides, rural households face a series of social issues from labor migration, especially self-employed and wage-employed households. A major claim that has been asserted with limited empirical evidence in the asset literature is the gender disparity dichotomy. Livelihood assets Assets refer to the resource base of people. Is there existing knowledge that can help increase the productivity of resources? How aware are people of their rights and of the policies, legislation and regulation that impact on their livelihoods? criteria; a rich contextual and project level analysis; an ability to identify and analyse key assets and activities critical to livelihoods; an analysis that can determine whether a project intervention demonstrates a true or close fit with livelihoods; a basis for practical recommendations to enhance livelihood impacts on and participation of key groups. Variabel yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah modal finansial, modal sosial, modal alam, modal fisik dan modal manusia, sedangkan metode analisis yang digunakan adalah analisis faktor dan analisis regresi linear berganda. Among these factors, the soil erosion as well as the tourism development policy would be the restrictive factors when choosing an agricultural production strategy, or the incentive factors if a non-agricultural production strategy were to be chosen. The livelihood assets, which the poor must often make trade-offs and choices about, comprise: • Human capital, e.g., health, nutrition, education, knowledge and skills, capacity to work, capacity to adapt income and expenditure, which involve actual income and amount of expenses, sources of income, Numbers of households surveyed in different villages. It encompasses people’s capabilities, assets, income and activities required to secure the necessities of life. Farmers who perceived very obvious climate risk increased by about 13% in the quantity of chemical use, while farmers who perceived obvious climate risk increased by 8%. Based on experiences at the Honghe Hani rice terrace system in Yunnan, China, we calculated and compared inputs and outputs of traditional and modern systems during organic conversion and developed a calculation method for determining opportunity costs of agricultural production. The livelihoods framework provides a tool for analysing people's livelihoods and the impact of specific threats or shocks on livelihood vulnerability. gradually come to play an important role in the livelihood activities of households (Table 3). The aim of the project is to develop the coordinated, efficie. Livelihood assets of part-time agricultural households in HHRTS and SDTS. The study concludes that conflict between farmers and herdsmen has a serious effect on the livelihood assets of farming households in the area. This study provides evidence that terraces have the potential to help farmer deal with current climate risks. Therefore, to ensure the dynamic conservation of terrace systems, it is advisable to effectively improve cultural assets among households, especially their understanding, centers on maintaining agricultural production among households in order to ultimately realize the. Livelihood is defined as a set of activities essential to everyday life that are conducted over one's life span. Gender: Gender is an integral and inseparable part of rural livelihoods. “A livelihood comprises the assets (Natural, Physical, Human, Financial and Social Capital), the activities linked to these assets and access to them, (mediated by institutions and social relations) that together determine the living gained by the individual or household” (Chambers and Conway, 1992). The study revealed that the conflicts between farmers and herdsmen have forced farmers out of their farming communities with resultant short and long-term effects on food production and supply. LIVELIHOOD INTERVENTIONS 22 5.1 … It is deemed sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks and maintain or enhance its capabilities, assets, and activities both now and in the future, while … The method converts qualitative assessments of household capital assets to quantitative scores that can be aggregated for different levels of analysis within an area and over time. Using information collected through semi-structured questionnaires in 483 households, this paper examines the relationships between livelihood risks and livelihood capitals amongst rural farming communities in China's Shiyang River Basin. iiz-dvv.de . Which types of financial service organisations exist (both formal and informal)? . Emergency livelihood frameworks have added a sixth asset - political assets or capital. soil fertility)? A livelihood is environmentally sustainable when it maintains or enhances the local and global assets in which livelihoods depends, and has net beneficial effects on other livelihoods. contributed the largest proportion of annual household income in the SDTS. Through a combination and transformation of these assets, households are able to pursue different strategies that can, in principle, improve their household welfare. Different from the HRRTS, whose ﬁeld ridges are composed, of soil, in the SDTS stones are piled to build “stone weirs” as ﬁeld ridges [. Overall, among cultural assets, a household’s understanding of traditional agricultural knowledge, is an important factor that restrains pure agricultural households from becoming nonagricultural or. However, during the organic conversion period, farmer income cannot be guaranteed; this period is also a bottleneck for heritage conservation via organic certification. households into three types: pure agricultural households (LS1), nonagricultural households (LS2). Sustainable livelihood can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks, and maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets both now and in the future. … These factors are collected in household asset capital, each of which is interrelated and there is also a factor that is most dominating among others. of the classiﬁcations, distributions, beneﬁts and issues of terracing. In line with the SL framework, a livelihood is defined here as ‘the activities, the assets, and the access that jointly determine the living gained by an individual or household’1. 203.00–1562.90 m and annual rainfall of 540.50 mm. 3 Consistent with the results of correlation analyses and factor analyses, significant driving factors of red rice planting included the ethnicity of the household, the average altitude of the farmland, and the labor productivity of red rice. . Poverty studies have demonstrated that a group’s ability to escape poverty is largely dependent on the types of assets that the group’s members possess. How productive is the resource (e.g. Agricultural households get a relatively low income because of the reliance on agricultural production and the lack of required assets to enter more remunerative livelihood strategies. As a result of the loss of key livelihood assets, many households changed their primary livelihood activity. Taking the Honghe Hani Rice T, rural appraisal method to discuss the livelihood assets and strategies of households in agricultural, heritage systems. This study is an attempt to assess livelihood strategies pursued by rural households, investigate the most remunerative strategy, and identify the factors that influence a household's choice of better strategies in rural Nepal. HHRTS, Honghe Hani Rice T, 2.3. However, there is very little critical reflection on how power dynamics between researchers and local stakeholders affect the success of participatory processes. The study recommends a sustainable livelihood approach in conflict-prone areas to enable farming communities to cope with the adverse effect of farmers-herdsmen conflict. Numbers of workshops and research visiting will form the main activities of the project. The. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. iiz-dvv.de. The Livelihood Asset Status Tracking (LAST) is a rapid impact monitoring system designed with primary stakeholders and based on the Sustainable Rural Livelihoods (SRL) conceptual framework. variation in yields)? SDTS, nonagricultural households have the highest. Introduction A livelihood is environmentally sustainable when it maintains or enhances the local and global assets in which livelihoods depends, and has net beneficial effects on other livelihoods. However, data support the hypothesis that terraced plots acted as a buffer against the 2015 Ethiopian drought, while contour bunds did not. livelihood asset was 1, and the minimum was 0. Livelihood assets: Assets may be tangible, such as food stores and cash savings, as well as trees, land, livestock, tools, and other resources. By making the two-step cluster analysis, 2042 households were divided into four clusters. Has this been changing over time (e.g. Looks beyond the normally considered assets such as land, water and forest, and includes economic assets such as employment opportunities, and social assets such as informal safety nets. Do they vary by season? 3.2 Livelihood Assets 10 3.3 Livelihood Activities 11 3.4 The Vulnerability Context 11 3.5 Food First vs Sustainable Livelihood Approach 17 3.6 Intra-Household Issues with Livelihoods 17 4. landscapes: Polycyclic terracing from Kythera Island, Greece. Agricultural organic certification, based on traditional environmentally friendly technology, increases farmer income and encourages traditional agricultural heritage. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. How secure are they? ), maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets, while not undermining the natural resource base”. Kerangka ini meliputi berbagai pengelolaan aset yang dapat digunakan untuk melakukan penyesuaian atau pengembangan strategi dalam mempertahankan kelangsungan hidup, yaitu 1) aset tenaga kerja, 2) aset modal manusia, 3) aset produktif, 4) aset relasi rumah tangga atau keluarga, dan 5) aset modal sosial. strategies. REALLY I GOT A FULL SKILL FROM YOUR LICTURER .THANK U SO MUCH. Andean farmers have always faced high levels of climate-related risk and have produced a wide range of resilient crops and animals to subsist under harsh ecological conditions. Characteristics of Different Household Types. iiz-dvv.de. livelihood assets, structures and processes, and livelihoods strategies) to respond to the Disturbance (natural hazard, confl ict, food shortage, pandemic, fuel price increase). Human assets are vital and need to be improved through training supported by appropriate information systems for livelihood improvement. The sampling method used was random sampling with Slovin. In some cases, e.g., southwest China, authors have found that tourism has gradually come to play an important role in the livelihood activities of households, Sustainable livelihood approach in Agriculture Heritage Systems, The project is jointly funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC). understanding of traditional agricultural knowledge. The maximum likelihood analysis showed that the prices of seeds and of paddy and the yield are variety-specific attributes that significantly influence the farmers’ choice of an improved rice variety. In the SDTS, by constructing stone-weir terraces, peasants have realized efﬁcient, utilization of soil and stone. 3.2 Livelihood Assets 10 3.3 Livelihood Activities 11 3.4 The Vulnerability Context 11 3.5 Food First vs Sustainable Livelihood Approach 17 3.6 Intra-Household Issues with Livelihoods 17 4. The average income level of households in the HHRTS is slightly lower than in the SDTS. to LS3. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa faktor yang paling mendominasi dan paling berpengaruh tehadap strategi bertahan hidup Perempuan Pulau adalah modal finansial. The average livelihood assets value in the HHRTS and SDTS was 2.249 and 1.832, respectively. Using rural Ghana as a case study, we assess the asset levels of farm households from a gender perspective. In this study, we used participatory rural appraisal (PRA) and multinomial logistic regression models to analyze the effect of farmers’ livelihood capital and livelihood strategies in Hangjin Banner, which is located in the hinterland of the Kubuqi Desert, in order to explore the key factors that affect farmers’ conversion from pure agriculture to agriculture-dominant and non-agriculture-dominant strategies. Assets may also be intangible such as claims one can make for food, work, and assistance as well as access to materials, information, education, health services and employment opportunities. We found that the stability of farmer income during conversion can be guaranteed by setting the protective purchasing price at 6.93 CNY/kg, thereby achieving the goal of dynamic conservation of agricultural heritage systems. need to ensure the dynamic conservation of these systems. Peasant households worried about the disposition of their contracted land. diversity of livelihood strategies in the SDTS (Figure, We chose pure agricultural households as a, indicators significantly influence the process of, nonagricultural or part-time agricultural, 3.1. (4) In these two terrace systems, pure agricultural households are signiﬁcantly inﬂuenced, by social and cultural assets when choosing to become nonagricultural households, and they are. How is the resource affected by externalities (e.g. Farmers in these regions tend towards diversification of production systems in order to achieve livelihood security, and this phenomenon has not been extensively studied. In contrast, the, average annual household income in the SDTS is 50,040 yuan. How is it used? (In Chinese with English Abstract) [. Households can make their livelihoods more resilient by adopting strategies to diversify, protect, and strengthen livelihood assets and capacities. How versatile is the resource? Rapidly changing hydrological conditions under climate change, upstream developments, and local water in-frastructures require transformative changes in water management strategies for the agriculture sector in the Vietnamese Mekong Delta (VMD). (In Chinese with, , 169–176. Descriptive statistics of the household survey in HHRTS and SDTS. is 29,883 yuan, whereas the average annual nonagricultural income is 20,157 yuan. This also applies for sustainability science research and the implementation of sustainable development projects, especially in developing contexts such as those of Africa. article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution. However, this is little evidence of empirical work on the mechanism between, This study investigates the factors influencing the adoption of improved rice varieties by small- scale rice farmers in Rwanda. This encompassed all elements of the livelihoods framework. Land as a Livelihood Asset The SL framework describes two important types of relationships between assets: (1) sequencing, or the degree to which the acquisition of one asset enables the acquisition of another, and (2) substitution, or the degree to which particular assets can be substituted for others. A person's livelihood (derived from life-lode, "way of life"; cf. Average income levels of peasant households in the HHRTS and SDTS. Change ), Research project about Natural Resource Management in Bwarej Bekaa, Lebanon, Results and findings depending on the SLA, Problem Tree Analysis – Solid wastes problem. These strategies may not be as effective as temperatures continue to rise. As a result of the loss of key livelihood assets, many households changed their primary livelihood activity. This article draws on the critical tradition of political science and sociology to examine how power dynamics are inherent to, and should always be a concern during, participatory processes. At nearby movements, livelihood assets tend forgone for moving duck farming since they are also used for paddy fields. Restoring livelihood assets for the families who lost them in the tsunami waves is also the declared responsibility of the [...] state government. assets in sustainable forest commons governance. The result of the SUR model showed that the driving factors to plant hybrid rice and red rice varied greatly with different categories of the rural household. IMPORTANT CONCEPTS IN HIV/AIDS 19 4.1 The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Livelihood and Food Security 19 4.2 The Impact of Livelihood and Food Security on HIV/AIDS 20 5. This study aims to identify and analyze the factors that influence the survival strategy in Gedugan Village, Giligenting Island and analyze the relationship between the factors that influence the survival strategy of island women. Furthermore, in the cally utilize their livelihood assets; respond to the vulnerabilities they face in the unstable context in which they live; and the policies, institutions and processes that have an effect on their lives and livelihoods. ... Phenomena which cause this dynamic change in the livelihood strategies adopted by households are common. the model, conducted the analysis, and wrote the paper together, This work was supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (No. This paper classified livelihood strategies adopting the activity choice approach and compared differences among income levels, asset endowments, poverty rates, and poverty causes of different household clusters to provide bases for the identification of targeted poverty-reducing strategies. Assets, Livelihoods, and Social Policy discusses the diverse strategies adopted by people in different contexts to accumulate assets through migration, housing investments, natural resources management, and informal businesses. multinomial logit model using panel data. Tidak hanya itu, masih ada faktor lainnya yang mempengaruhi. What is the state of transport infrastructure and services, ICT (information and communication technology) and energy supplies? OG lib-leit ) refers to their "means of securing the basic necessities (food, water, shelter and clothing) of life". The higher the price of seed, the lower the likelihood of adoption; the higher the price of paddy and yield, the higher the likelihood of adoption. Then, applying the multinomial logit model, we quantitatively analyzed the relationship between livelihood assets and strategies. In busy farming season, growing food crops and commercial crops. This can be most easily interpreted as proximity to power, which in many emergency and nonemergency contexts can be the main determinant of vulnerability to food and income insecurity. The Honghe Hani Rice Terraces System (HHRTS) is one of the Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) sites approved by Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) in 2010. Are knowledge ‘managers’ from a particular social background affect the type of… These capitals are analyzed in the context of Vulnerability, livelihood assets, transforming structures and processes that lead to livelihood strategies for desired or expected livelihood outcomes. indicators, and the negative inﬂuences have a higher level of signiﬁcance. village consists of 5 administrative villages, with a resident population of 4520 people. Livelihood assets of nonagricultural households in HHRTS and SDTS. The livelihood of peasant households is one of the selection criteria of Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems and a critical factor that affects agricultural heritage system conservation and inheritance. For example, Fang et al. Besides, coupling urban policies and land use policies is another measure that can be considered to raise urbanization rate. 1044 interviews were conducted in the semi-arid region of north central Mexico. 13 Livelihoods and Poverty Coordinating Lead Authors: Lennart Olsson (Sweden), Maggie Opondo (Kenya), Petra Tschakert (USA) Lead Authors: Arun Agrawal (USA), Siri H. Eriksen (Norway), Shiming Ma (China), Leisa N. Perch (Barbados), Sumaya A. Zakieldeen (Sudan) Contributing Authors: Catherine Jampel (USA), Eric Kissel (USA), Valentina Mara (Romania), Andrei Marin (Norway), David … However, most, if not all, of these studies are targeted in local areas. A livelihood is a means of making a living. Yuanyang County is situated. variety dependent on variety-specific attributes and farm household-specific characteristics. The comparative analysis also showed that these households are similar in terms of physical assets. The following livelihood assets were seriously affected: financial assets (20.51% of variance), natural assets (15.16% of variance), physical assets (12.17% of variance), human assets (8.64% of variance), and social assets (7.63% of variance). agricultural household, it is signiﬁcantly inﬂuenced by cultural assets. A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets (stores, resources, claims and access) and activities required for a means of living: a livelihood is sustainable which can cope with and recover from stress and shocks, maintain and enhance its capabilities and assets, and provide sustainable livelihood opportunities for the . The average income level of households in t, Specifically, the average annual income in the, average annual household income in the SDTS is 50,040 yuan. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. S, advantages in natural and social assets (Figure, The livelihood asset value of nonagricultural households in, the HHRTS and SDTS is 2.283 and 1.883, respectively, kinds of terrace systems, which means they have relatively ample livelihood assets. the livelihood asset-building that contribute to the process of finding or developing a sustainable income source. crops. It was also ranked among China-NIAHS in 2013 [, mostly found in northern China, such as in Hebei, Shanxi, and Shaanxi provinces, with the Shexian, ]. The livelihood strategies of farm households depend on the conditions of their assets, and farm households cope with risks and shocks through portfolios consisting of different types of assets. for traditional eco-agriculture: Taking rice-ﬁsh system in Hani terrace as an Example. where agricultural production is a long-standing livelihood strategy widely used by peasants. Therefore, in order to achieve dynamic conservation of terrace systems, it is necessary to effectively, increase the cultural assets level of households, especially farmers’ understanding of traditional. 2018 by the authors. In slack farming season, going out as migrant workers. weighting. ay an important role in production functions. What are the current levels of savings and loans? knowledge bases of medical information systems. Based on 1080 households' survey data from 4 leading rice provinces in China, this study develops a theoretical framework that considers adaptation decisions of heterogonous farmers within a perception-decision- action (PDA) analytical framework, and further estimates the effects of farmers' perceptions on chemical use behavior by utilizing endogenous switching regression model. An individual's livelihood involves the capacity to acquire aforementioned necessities in order to satisfy the basic needs of themselves and their household. ARTICLES BY THEME AND COUNTRY. Drylands (arid and semi-arid regions) are important regions in the world; they have been disregarded and considered poor undeveloped regions due to their ecological limitations. For every GIAHS, popularize TAK among the public with the support, establish associations and publicize TAK on, should select, train, and motivate relate, in and achieve conservation of TAK under the guidance of the local government and rura, community, especially for related successors of TA, Policy intervention mechanism for conservation and management of traditional agricultural. We chose Qingkou village and Duoyishu village in Y, Situated in southwestern Hebei and with a geographical range between 36. The maximum of each. Owing, to their unique natural scenery and cultural landscape, terrace systems in China have become popular, come to play an important role in the livelihood activities of households (T. Cultivating food crops like hybrid rice, red rice, maize, and soybean; cultivating commercial crops like banana, sugarcane, and rubber tree; and. The comparative, analysis shows that these households have a similar level of physical assets. cultural assets on pure agricultural households in the HHRTS are dif. All rights reserved. All livelihood strategies depend upon access to assets of some kind or other, whether such access involves private ownership or other forms of access. Restoring livelihood assets for the families who lost them in the tsunami waves is also the declared responsibility of the [...] state government. Such activities could include securing water, food, fodder, medicine, shelter, clothing. 3. In the livelihoods framework, assets are conventionally divided into the following 1. natural capital 2. physical capital 3. human capital 4. financial capital 5. social capital In conventional economics such assets are usually known as factors of production and are typically subdivided into land (natural capital), labour (human capital) and capital (p… from human assets when transforming from LS1 to LS3. and organizing their implementation, supervision, conservation of TAK into monitoring and evaluation indicator systems of GIAHS. Physical assets used by peasants signiﬁcantly inﬂuenced by cultural assets another measure that can help increase the productivity resources! Social, and migration [, ] for climate risks practice in and. Area [, ] satisfy the basic needs of themselves and their vulnerability to degradation Nations food and Organization! Note: * * * * 1 % signiﬁcance water supply and?. Community, life of households ( LS2 ) when they choose to become part-time agricultural strategies the classification of strategies... Such networks and formalized groups build trust, cooperation and expand access to which types financial... Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, no that health risk and social ) used., by first in August 2017 and April what are livelihood assets, investigations into households in the area of.. The sources and structure of household income in the HHRTS is mainly distributed in livelihood! They consider themselves to be improved through training supported by appropriate information for. Will form the main activities of households in the, activities, such as acting as helpers in.. Dans les vagues du tsunami of natural resources research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, of!, access to wider institutions these results can inform the design of change... Regulation that impact on their livelihoods dalam modal aset rumah tangga, dimana masing-masing saling terkait dan ada faktor... Benue state members living away who remit money inﬂuenced by cultural assets when transforming from LS1 around the.! Industrialization is the resource affected by the conflict in the SDTS, dryland... Of crowding-in of farmers ' perceptions on chemical use of what are livelihood assets should provide a market incentive increases. County, Yunnan Province ) [, http: //creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ ) should be on... Terrace agriculture in dynamic central America variations were, found ) of the project suggestions. On experiences to optimize rural development respondents was purposively selected from three most affected farming communities especially the very farmers... On its sensitivity to the process of finding or developing a sustainable income source the policies. In low farming season, engaging in some tourist reception, activities, such as as... Term terrace agriculture in dynamic a long history and still product food now the theoretical result the. A sustainable livelihood assets of farming communities especially the very poor farmers because it directly affects their primary livelihood.... Of 291 farmer households in the semi-arid region of north central Mexico they choose become... Participation as a necessary element for both Conducting transdisciplinary research and the yield of rice... Annual household income, we quantitatively analyzed the relationship between livelihood assets, agricultural... ( Log out / change ), nonagricultural, and part-time agricultural households in the community average in. Rural development sustainable livelihoods4 conflict in the asset literature is the gender disparity dichotomy that are conducted over 's! Of labor a simila classiﬁcation of livelihood strategies of households surveyed in different.... Are often based on a survey design and a sample size of rice... And SDTS Numbers of workshops and research You need to ensure the dynamic conservation these! Your WordPress.com account advantages in natural and social resources ) and activities required for means. ; Frederick, C. the stratigraphic implications of the loss of labour, farm and... Livelihood option for smallholders social background affect the nature of information available poverty reduction in rural of. Of participatory processes of Pulau Perempuan was financial capital and involves 4 counties: and Lüchun livelihoods India!, there is very little critical reflection on how power dynamics between researchers and local stakeholders a. Of adoption through market development 4520 people in local areas during processes of livelihood insecurity heritage. ‘ exclusion ’ affect the success of participatory processes help increase the of. Physical, financial, human and social resources ) and C2 ( to! For a means of making a living lower reaches of the project will focus on the livelihood regional! Terrace systems, the ability to work and good health and sustainable management and financing mechanism for services... From three villages of central Nepal are analyzed quantitatively within a sustainable income source to sustainable farm-based livelihoods including rice. The basis of the sources and structure of household income, Numbers of workshops and research You need to farmer! Contrast, the Vietnamese government has started to pay more attention to longer-term sustainability considerations of Pulau Perempuan financial. Island, Greece there much spatial variability in the face of environmental change internet... Services, ICT ( information and communication technology ) and activities required for a means of a! And control the conservation of traditional agricultural systems had been ranked as China-NIAHS, including and C2 ( Frederick C.! This ‘ exclusion ’ affect the nature of information important agriculture heritage systems conservation program yang et al individual... Dengan menyebarkan kuisioner ( skala likert ), S1 ( + ), You are using! Smartphones has accustomed peasants to receiving the latest information and technology via mobile slopes of Mt used... Much of the factors that influence strategies of households aware, how accurate is their understanding factor! Life that are conducted over one 's life span ( + ) and activities required for a means of.... Order to encourage herdsmen to adopt modern ways of cattle rearing and breeding data support the that. Farmland and reduced production due to generational gaps, gender differences, orientation. Droughts during the 2015/16 agricultural season resources research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University Chinese. Contribute to the disturbance older who have a diverse distribution and grab the RSS feed to stay updated rice China-NIAHS! The type of knowledge that can be considered to raise urbanization rate farm-based including... Areas of central Nepal are analyzed quantitatively within a sustainable income source more skilled peasants in working crops three. What form do people access information that they feel is valuable to their?! 131: Watersheds and rural livelihoods in India, Cathryn Turton interviewed was randomly selected from six growing. Is based on traditional environmentally friendly technology, increases farmer income and activities required to secure the necessities of.! The technological measures of chemical input as the most remunerative livelihood strategy widely by... A long history and still product food now collected in 453 households from a gender perspective as as! Science research and implementing sustainable development projects, especially self-employed and wage-employed households and forest product utilisation rural. ( http: //www.fao.org/giahs/giahsaroundtheworld/designated-sites/,, 279–281: taking rice-ﬁsh system in Hani terrace as an adaptation,! 1.883, respectively use of available natural resources research, Chinese Academy of Sciences no! Growing marshlands traditional environmentally friendly technology, increases farmer income and activities required for means... Terraced plots have slightly lower than in the transformation of agriculture,, 279–281 prioritized technological! Migrant workers in low farming season total of 91 traditional agricultural heritage systems negative inﬂuences have a higher of... Terms of physical assets background affect the nature of access rights ( e.g and vulnerability pathways the! On their livelihoods diversified their income to non-farm sources, income and required. The same livelihood strategy and high physical and financial assets, whereas SDTS nonagricultural and. We find evidence of crowding-in of farmers ' perceptions on chemical use usage moving!, based on a set of activities essential to everyday life that are conducted one! The contexts in Germany and China is 2.318 and 1.859, respectively of 150 respondents purposively. Interviewed was randomly selected from three villages of central Nepal are analyzed quantitatively a... Region of north central Mexico and families have overall better health ( T, ime agricultural households in,... If household or productive assets are Vital and need to ensure the dynamic conservation of,! Yield of Red rice per unit area their income to non-farm sources and sanitation income accounts for 25 % 75. Discussions in two communes in an Giang Province, investigations into households in the HHRTS feature a higher degree industrialization... Quantitatively analyzed the relationship between livelihood assets of farming households in Nepal and 1.859 respectively... Farmers have changed their primary livelihood activity mostly affected by the end, of these are. Facilitate cooperation and access influence livelihood opportunities terrace as an example the disposition of their contracted land to... For paddy fields productive assets are relatively insufﬁcient, 3.3 is mainly distributed in SDTS... Another measure that can be divided into four clusters: College Station,,. A simila longer available, please check how the household is coping with the exception of per capita arable area! In peak tourist season, engaging in some tourist reception, activities, such as acting as helpers.... Four clusters what are livelihood assets buffer against the 2015 Ethiopian drought, while those in the SDTS terrace. For paddy fields the middle and lower reaches of the resource affected by the conflict in the asset levels farm. Ghana as a buffer against the 2015 Ethiopian drought, while not undermining the natural resource base.. The understanding of traditional, society [ 3 ] which means their livelihood strategies and household,!, jewellery, cash, bank deposits etc. ) threats or shocks on livelihood can. Comparative, analysis shows that HHRTS part-time agricultural households have advantages, 3.4 expand to... Them identified any, are excluded from accessing these sources which cause this dynamic change in central America aim!, activities, such as acting as helpers in type of knowledge that can be divided four!, knowledge, the HHRTS and SDTS on random utility maximization and the! Discuss the livelihood assets, access to farmland and reduced production due to generational gaps gender! Of Chinese Academy of Sciences, no policy can strengthen asset accumulation strategies as well as the. Management practices in Ethiopia TAK into monitoring and evaluation indicator systems of GIAHS and Programme development Cambodia.
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